History, Care, and Personality of the Pomeranian: Information About Pomeranians

The Pomeranian, (also known as a Pom) is part of the toy group of dogs and the smallest dog in the Spitz family. As an adult, it measures 8 – 11 inches and weighs 3 – 7 pounds. The Pomeranian is a miniature sled dog that is popular both as a show dog and pet.

History of the Pomeranian

Originating in Germany in the 1800s, the Pomeranian got its name from Queen Victoria of England after she fell in love with the breed during a trip to Italy. While the earlier breeds of the dog weighed up to 30 pounds, the Pomeranian was bred down to become a fashionable, small dog made for companionship. By 1900, it had become a popular show dog both in England and the United States.

Care of a Pomeranian

The Pomeranian has a double coat of fur that should be brushed at least twice a week; more when it’s shedding. Not only does it help the appearance of the dog to stay fluffy, proper brushing can keep unwanted mats away. Although it has a thick, warm coat, it is not suited for outdoor living.


A health concern for a Pomeranian is a subluxated patella, which is a problem with the kneecap. Dental care should also be taken as problems with the teeth can develop early. It’s best to brush a Pomeranian’s teeth everyday.

Pomeranians can have a tendency to bark quite a bit. They are intelligent dogs that are easy to train. With the right training, the barking can be curtailed, although there is no way that a Pomeranian will stay quiet all the time. Potty training can be difficult and it’s best to neuter a male Pomeranian by the time it’s six months old to keep it from having leg lifting problems.

The Personality of the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a brave and independent dog who isn’t afraid to take on another dog twice its size. This lively dog is always ready for play. If spoiled too much, a Pomeranian can become snappy. It usually doesn’t do well with other dogs unless they are raised together. Standoffish towards strangers, a Pomeranian can make a good watchdog, particularly because it is so self-assured.

Pomeranians are a fun and protective breed of dog to have as a pet. They have a long life span, living for 12 – 16 years. If considering purchasing a puppy, check with the local veterinarian or the American Kennel Club for advice on where to find a reputable breeder.

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